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Classification: Skin Care
Generic Name: Hydroxyzine
Typical Brand Names: Atarax; Vistaril

Hydroxyzine belongs to a group of medicines called sedating antihistamines.

Hydroxyzine’s main use is to help in the treatment of anxiety. The way in which hydroxyzine works in this condition is not fully known. It is thought to decrease the activity of certain areas in the brain and thereby relieve anxiety.

Hydroxyzine is also used to relieve symptoms of certain allergic reactions.
Histamine is a chemical produced by the body. It is stored in cells (mast cells) in almost all tissues of the body. When the body reacts to a foreign substance (an allergen e.g. flower pollen), the mast cells release their stores of histamine.

Histamine may then bind to receptors (H-1 receptors) in many areas of the body causing an increase in blood flow to the area of the allergy and the release of other chemicals that add to the allergic response. This stimulates the symptoms of an allergic reaction such as inflammation of the skin, airways or tissues, rashes, itching of the skin, eyes or nose, nasal congestion or narrowing of the airways.

Hydroxyzine acts by blocking the binding of histamine to receptors in the body and so preventing or relieving the typical symptoms of an allergic reaction.

Histamine may be released from and act in a small (localised) area of the body e.g the nose. Alternatively, histamine can result in a serious or complete body reaction e.g. anaphylactic reaction. Hydroxyzine is only useful for the prevention or relief of localised or less serious allergies such as an itchy rash (rather than very serious allergic reactions).

Hydroxyzine is called a sedating anti-histamine as it enters the brain in significant quantities and is therefore more likely to cause drowsiness than the newer group of non-sedating anti-histamines.

Product Name Price
Atarax (generic) 50 mg - 30 Tabs $45.18
Atarax (generic) 50 mg - 60 Tabs $55.35
Atarax (generic) 50 mg - 90 Tabs $64.03
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Atarax Directions To Use

For adults, 50-100 mg daily; for children under 6 years, 50 mg daily in divided doses and over 6 years, 50-100 mg daily in divided doses.
•  Take hydroxyzine exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you.
 •  Take each dose with a full glass of water.
 •  To ensure that you get a correct dose, measure the syrup form of hydroxyzine with a special dose-measuring spoon or cup, not with a regular tablespoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist where you can get one.
 •  Store hydroxyzine at room temperature away from moisture and heat.
Atarax Warnings

It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Since many drugs are so excreted, you should use caution if taking this drug while pregnant.

Atarax Missed Dose

If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.

Atarax Warnings and Side Effects

 •  Stop taking hydroxyzine and seek emergency medical attention if you experience an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of your throat; swelling of your lips, tongue, or face; or hives).
 •  Other, less serious side effects may be more likely to occur. Continue to take hydroxyzine and talk to your doctor if you experience
      · dizziness, drowsiness, sleepiness, or confusion;
      · blurred vision or a dry mouth; or
      · nausea or vomiting.
 •  Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.

Atarax Storage

Store in a cool, dry place. Protect from light and moisture. Keep out of reach of children.

Atarax Overdose

The most common manifestation of Atarax overdosage is hypersedation. Seek emergency medical attention if an overdose is suspected.

Atarax More Information

Since drowsiness may occur with use of this drug, use caution when driving a car or operating dangerous machinery while taking Atarax.

Atarax Disclaimer

This drug information is for your information purposes only, it is not intended that this information covers all uses, directions, drug interactions, precautions, or adverse effects of your medication. This is only general information, and should not be relied on for any purpose. It should not be construed as containing specific instructions for any particular patient. We disclaim all responsibility for the accuracy and reliability of this information, and/or any consequences arising from the use of this information, including damage or adverse consequences to persons or property, however such damages or consequences arise. No warranty, either expressed or implied, is made in regards to this information.

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