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Anti-anxiety drugs

Introduction- Common drugs to treat anxiety disorder

We have mentioned about the list of the drugs and the problem that they address. In the continuation, you can know about the details about panic attacks, generalized attacks and much more.

Benzodiazepines

This is a class of the drug that contains medications like

  • Klonopin (Clonazepam)

This medication treats social anxiety generalized anxiety, phobia and panic attacks.

  • Xanax ( Alprazolam)

The pills are known to treat OCD, phobias, generalized anxiety, social anxiety and panic attacks.

  • Librium ( Chlordiazepoxide)

It is well known to treat generalized anxiety disorders and phobias.

  • Ativan ( Lorazepam)

You can take it treat panic attacks, phobias and generalized anxiety.

  • Serax (Oxazepam)

It is a drug that is suitable to treat Phobias and generalized anxiety.

  • Valium (Diazepam)

Phobias, panic disorders and generalized anxiety issues are taken care by this medication.

The active ingredient of the medication is present inside the brackets.

Beta blockers

This is also a separate medication group that contains drugs like Atenolol and Propranolol. The active ingredients that are present in these medications are Tenormin and Inderal respectively. Both these drugs are suitable to be consumed to treat social anxiety disorder.

Tricyclic antidepressants

  • Anafranil (clomipramine)

It can treat both depression and OCD

  • Aventyl or Pamelor (nortriptyline)

These medications can help you to get rid of depression, PTSD, generalized anxiety and panic attacks.

  • Tofranil (imipramine)- PTSD, depression, panic and generalized anxiety.

Other antidepressants

  • Desyrel (Trazodone)

It treats generalized anxiety and depression

MAOI ( MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITORS)

  • Parnate ( Tranylcypromine)

Treats PTSD, OCD, panic, generalized anxiety and depression

  • Nardil (Phenelzine)

Social anxiety, depression, panic, PTSD, generalized anxiety and OCD

SELECTIVE SEROTONIN REUPTAKE INHIBITORS (SSRIs)

  • Celexa (Citalopram)

People can take this to treat PTSD, OCD, depression, panic and generalized anxiety disorder.

  • Paxil ( paroxetine)

It treats OCD, panic, generalized anxiety disorder, depression and PTSD.

  • Luvox ( Fluvomine)-

It treats generalized anxiety disorder, depression, social anxiety and OCD.

  • Zoloft ( sertraline )

PTSD, generalized anxiety disorder, depression, OCD and social anxiety

SEROTONIN-NOREPINEPHRINE REUPTAKE INHIBITORS (SNRIS)

  • Cymbalta ( Duloxetine)

Panic attacks, generalized anxiety disorder and OCD can be treated with the medication.

  • Effexor (Venlafaxine)

Depression, generalized anxiety disorder, OCD, social anxiety and panic disorder can be treated while consuming this SNRI drug.

  • Effexor XR(Venlafaxine)

It can treat depression, social anxiety, OCD, generalized anxiety disorder and panic disorder.

MILD Tranquilizer

Buspar which is known by the brand name Buspirone can treat panic attacks, OCD and generalized anxiety disorder.

Anti-convulsants

  • Neurontin ( Gabapentin)- It treats generalized anxiety disorder and social anxiety disorder.
  • Lyrica (Pregabalin)- it is the best for generalized anxiety disorder.
  • Depakote (Valproate) – It treat panic issues in a person.

Panic attacks

For those who suffer from panic attacks, the most advantage that they get from taking the drugs is that it provides the improvement in the motivation of them. It makes it easy for them to face the panic issue. This faith can be offered by a medication only when it has helped them in at least two stages of panic disorder.

We all know that the first stage is known as anticipatory anxiety. This is a situation where an individual would anticipate or feel uncomfortable when they think about panic attacks.

The second stage is that the symptoms that are caused by the medical condition itself. In the medical trials it is found that the drugs might help  a person to reduce the symptoms of the people who suffer from different stages of the condition. The best part is that the medication would go about blocking the occurrence of getting affected by panic attacks itself.

Due to this, the individuals would no longer fear about anxiety issues and even they would find it easy to overcome the phobia very quickly.

There are various primary medications that are used to treat panic disorders in a person. They are antidepressants which also includes SSRIs ( selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors) as well as the Benzodiazepines.

You have to know that SSRIs are the ones that are mostly prescribed for the treatment of panic disorders. These pills would trigger very few ill effects when compared to the tricyclic antidepressants. Some of them are Paxil (Paroxetine), Luvox (Fluvoxamine), Celexa (Citalopram) and Prozac ( Fluoxetine).

It is proved that those patients who take the SSRIs are found to improve the symptoms. In fact, the percentage is very much high from 75 to 80. This percentage is more or less similar to the tricyclic antidepressants.

It is also known that the panic attacks have been controlled by Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor(SSNR) compared to the mild tranquilizers.

When it comes to Benzodiazepines, Alprazolam which is the active ingredient in Xanax can help to treat panic attacks. You can also prefer the extended release version of the medication. Klonopin can also be taken to treat panic issues.

It is known that the Benzodiazepines block the panic attacks very quickly compared to that of the antidepressants. This can be achieved within a week or so. It is required to take the medication only prior any panic-initiating scenarios.  It is very quick and triggers only few ill effects compared to that of the anti-depressants. There is a small issue with respect to the medication and that is it can cause withdrawal symptoms in the body once you taper off the medication.

The Alprazolam medication would act quickly compared to that of Clonazepam pills. Due to this it possesses the stronger withdrawal effects compared to other drugs. In a study conducted on patients with panic disorder it is found that 43 % of the individuals who consumed Alprazolam medication found improvement in the symptoms after the period of eight weeks. This is done by consuming the medication that is less than 4mg dose in a single day. However, the 30% of the people have found to get improved from the symptoms when taking 4mg to 6mg in a day.

Since Alprazolam medication acts quickly on the condition it is considered as an ideal drug that can be taken prior experiencing panic events. The drug just takes a period of 15 to 20 minutes of time to offer the benefits on anxiety disorder. When you consume the sublingual tablets, it is possible for you to get the effectiveness within 5 to 8 minutes of time. But the cons are that you would have to experience the bitter taste.

Clonazepam as well as the Alprazolam XR are known to last longer in the body when compared to the immediate release version. Just by consuming two doses in a day it can help you to get the positive effects throughout the period of 24 hours. But to get the same effect, you would require to take Alprazolam with four to five doses in a day.

So people who are in need of the stronger effect can go for the XR version of the medication. The benefits are more as it would wear off from the body very slowly. Apart from taking the pills you have to practice on facing your fears. The drug would only help you but your courage is what that is more important.

There is no proper results that shows that the minor tranquilizers works the best on the condition. However it is true that the person would remain calm after consuming the pills.

When we compare the antidepressants it is found that Tofranil which is a tricyclic antidepressant has provided the longest track record in treating the medical condition like panic attacks. However other medications that belong to this group like Pamelor, Desyrel and Pertofrane are also known to control panic attacks.

In the clinical trials it is found that 75 to 80% of those who took antidepressants find better improvement in the symptoms.

Let us now look about MAOIs which is the another family of antidepressant. Even the medications that fall under this category are known to control the symptoms of panic attacks.

OCD (obsessive compulsion disorder)

When the people who suffer from OCD take the pills it is possible for them to reduce the severity of the condition. This makes them to become less worried. However you have to know that the drug would not prevent obsessions from occurring. But be happy that it can help to lessen the worry to a greater extent. In addition to this, the person can use their meditation techniques to control the symptoms.

SSRIs can be taken to treat OCD. Not only this, the person can also get benefitted while consuming the anti-depressants. Only after taking the pills for a period of 5 to 10 weeks it is possible for the person to get the benefits from the medication.

Some of the people who have OCD would follow uncontrollable physical movements. They do it repeatedly. It would be like they have stuck in a complete infinity cycle. But when the drug is taken it is possible for them to minimize these activities. The person can take this opportunity and find way to come out of the loop.

General anxiety

Tricyclic antidepressants and SSRIs are known to offer benefits to those who suffer from general anxiety, Apart from these drugs, even benzodiazepine are known to treat well. Some of the pills that you can take are Ativan, Valium, Klonopin and Xanax.

Simple Phobias

You can take the medications in order to reduce the tensions that are caused due tot his medical condition. The lower dose of the Benzodiazepine drug can be taken one hour prior to indulging in any activity. This is more than sufficient for you to get rid of any fear.

However if you find that the medication dose is not sufficient then your healthcare professional would prescribe you with the higher dose. You can take Librium or Serax and it is found that these are the primary treatments and can help you to get rid of simple phobias.

You have to consider taking medication only has assistance. We recommend you to apply your techniques in order to get out of the phobia completely.

Social anxieties and phobia

Social anxiety is a situation where a person would feel tensed while walking through a crowd, speaking to a group of people, and much more. When these scenarios occurs their heart beat would start to increase and they would find out of control in the situation.

The healthcare professional would prescribe you with certain medication which can be taken in order to get rid of the symptoms in the body. They might instruct you to take a drug or take it in combination. Some of the drugs that can be instructed to you are SSRIs, Benzodiazepines and beta-blockers.

When you take the pills properly as prescribed it is possible for you to minimize the symptoms that you face in a day to day life.

Anxiety or Panic along with depression

There are people who would suffer from depression and anxiety or panic issues. For them they can consume the antidepressants. It is sure that these medications would decrease the symptoms that are experienced and also controls panic attacks.

Not only can this but the healthcare professional also prescribe you with MAOIs or Benzodiazepines.

Post-traumatic stress Disorder (PTSD)

This type of disorder is developed by people those who have experienced traumatic situations in their life. These people can take SSRIs, anticonvulsants, or tricyclic antidepressants to treat the condition.

These individual would develop a trauma or phobia after the incident. It is possible that the medication can help them.